基于图像处理的织物起毛起球分级研究
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为了对织物起毛起球等级做出客观、准确、定量的分析和评定,提出基于图像处理的织物起毛起球检测和分级方法;选用起毛起球织物样本验证起毛起球分级算法设计的有效性,设计制造起毛起
董康乐1,陈  姗2,安少元2,高  鑫2
(1.西安工程大学,西安710048;2.陕西长岭纺织机电科技有限公司,陕西 宝鸡    721013)
 
摘要:为了对织物起毛起球等级做出客观、准确、定量的分析和评定,提出基于图像处理的织物起毛起球检测和分级方法;选用起毛起球织物样本验证起毛起球分级算法设计的有效性,设计制造起毛起球分级测试仪。起毛起球分级算法利用面阵CCD相机采集织物起毛起球图像,综合采用光照不均匀处理、图像均衡化、去噪、边缘检测等预处理方法,增强起毛起球图像信息;运用合适阈值二值化和形态学联合操作分割出起毛起球信息;以起毛起球面积比作为分级特征值实现分级。结果表明:该方法能有效滤除各种干扰信息,得到有效的起毛起球图像,实现1~5级织物起毛起球等级的准确评定。
关键词:织物;起毛起球分级;图像处理;图像均衡化;边缘算子;漫水填充法;背景噪声
中图分类号:TS103.63    文献标志码:B    文章编号:1001-9634(2019)06-0015-05
 
收稿日期:2019-04-01
作者简介:董康乐(1987—),男,陕西商洛人,硕士研究生,主要从事纺织设备视觉、图像处理、模式识别方面的研究。
 
Study on Fabric Pilling Classification Based on Image Processing
DONG Kangle1,CHEN Shan2,AN Shaoyuan2,GAO Xin2
(1.Xi’an Polytechnic University,Xi’an 710048,China;2.Shaanxi Changling Textile
Mechanical & Electronic Technological Co.,Ltd.,Baoji 721013,China)
 
Abstract:In order to make an objective,accurate and quantitative analysis and evaluation of the pilling grades of fabric,a method of pilling detection and classification based on image processing is proposed.Samples of pilling fabric are selected to verify the effectiveness of pilling grading algorithm design and a pilling grading tester is designed and manufactured.The pilling classification algorithm uses face array camera CCD to collect the pilling image of the fabric,and comprehensively adopts the pretreatment methods such as uneven illumination processing,image equalization,denoising and edge detection to enhance the pilling image information.Suitable threshold binarization and morphology are used to segment the pilling information.The pilling area ratio is used as the grading characteristic value.The results show that the method can effectively filter out all kinds of interference information,obtain effective pilling image,and realize accurate evaluation of pilling grade of grade 1~5 fabrics.
Key Words:fabric;pilling classification;image processing;image equalization;edge operator;flooding method;background noise
 
参考文献:
[1] 汪亚明,崔新辉,韩永华.基于小波变换及Gabor滤波的起毛起球图像分割[J].丝绸,2016,53(3):37-40.
[2] 张勇,马俊,邓中民.基于小波变换与形态学的织物毛球检测[J].针织工业,2015(3):64-66.
[3] 胡学龙.数字图像处理[M].3版.北京:电子工业出版社,2011.
[4] 朱伟,赵春光,欧乐庆,等.OpenCV图像处理编程实例[M].北京:电子工业出版社,2016.
[5] Gary Bradski,Adrian Kaebler.学习OpenCV[M].于仕琪,刘瑞祯,译.北京:清华大学出版社,2009.
 

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